$10 Note

2006 - Present - front
2006 - Present - back
2006 - Present - front
A
Watermark
Watermark

Hold the note to light and look for a faint image of Secretary Hamilton in the blank space to the right of the portrait. The image is visible from both sides of the note.

A
B
Security Thread
Security Thread

Hold the note to light to see an embedded thread running vertically to the right of the portrait.  The thread is imprinted with the text USA TEN and a small flag in an alternating pattern and is visible from both sides of the note.  The thread glows orange when illuminated by ultraviolet light.

B
C
Color-Shifting Ink
Color-Shifting Ink

Tilt the note to see the numeral 10 in the lower right corner of the front of the note shift from copper to green.

C
A
Watermark
Watermark

Hold the note to light and look for a faint image of Secretary Hamilton in the blank space to the right of the portrait. The image is visible from both sides of the note.

A
B
Security Thread
Security Thread

Hold the note to light to see an embedded thread running vertically to the right of the portrait.  The thread is imprinted with the text USA TEN and a small flag in an alternating pattern and is visible from both sides of the note.  The thread glows orange when illuminated by ultraviolet light.

B
C
Color-Shifting Ink
Color-Shifting Ink

Tilt the note to see the numeral 10 in the lower right corner of the front of the note shift from copper to green.

C
2000 - 2006 - front
2000 - 2006 - back
2000 - 2006 - front
A
Security Thread
Security Thread

Hold the note to light to see an embedded thread running vertically to the right of the portrait. The thread is imprinted with the text USA TEN and a small flag in an alternating pattern and is visible from both sides of the note. The thread glows orange when illuminated by ultraviolet light.

A
B
Watermark
Watermark

Hold the note to light and look for a faint image of Secretary Hamilton in the blank space to the right of the portrait. The image is visible from both sides of the note. 

B
C
Color-Shifting Ink
Color-Shifting Ink

Tilt the note to see the numeral 10 in the lower right corner of the front of the note shift from green to black.

C
A
Security Thread
Security Thread

Hold the note to light to see an embedded thread running vertically to the right of the portrait. The thread is imprinted with the text USA TEN and a small flag in an alternating pattern and is visible from both sides of the note. The thread glows orange when illuminated by ultraviolet light.

A
B
Watermark
Watermark

Hold the note to light and look for a faint image of Secretary Hamilton in the blank space to the right of the portrait. The image is visible from both sides of the note. 

B
C
Color-Shifting Ink
Color-Shifting Ink

Tilt the note to see the numeral 10 in the lower right corner of the front of the note shift from green to black.

C
1990 - 2000 - front
1990 - 2000 - back
1990 - 2000 - front
A
Security Thread
Security Thread

Hold the note to light to see an embedded thread running vertically to the left of the Federal Reserve Bank seal.  The thread is imprinted with the letters USA and the word TEN in an alternating pattern and is visible from both sides of the note.  The thread glows orange when illuminated by ultraviolet light.

A
B
Microprinting
Microprinting

Look carefully (magnification may be necessary) to see the small printed words THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA along the outer edge of the portrait’s oval frame.

B
A
Security Thread
Security Thread

Hold the note to light to see an embedded thread running vertically to the left of the Federal Reserve Bank seal.  The thread is imprinted with the letters USA and the word TEN in an alternating pattern and is visible from both sides of the note.  The thread glows orange when illuminated by ultraviolet light.

A
B
Microprinting
Microprinting

Look carefully (magnification may be necessary) to see the small printed words THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA along the outer edge of the portrait’s oval frame.

B
1914 - 1990 - front
1914 - 1990 - back
1914 - 1990 - front
A
Federal Reserve Bank Seal
Federal Reserve Bank Seal

A black seal to the left of the portrait bears the name of the distributing Federal Reserve Bank. 

A
B
Raised Printing
Raised Printing

Move your finger along the note’s surface to feel the raised printing, which gives genuine Federal Reserve notes their distinctive texture.

B
C
Paper
Paper

Federal Reserve note paper is one-fourth linen and three-fourths cotton, and contains red and blue security fibers. 

C
D
Portrait and Vignette
Portrait and Vignette

The portrait and vignette was changed in 1929 to feature Secretary Hamilton on the front of the note and the United States Treasury Building on the back of the note.

D
E
Treasury Seal
Treasury Seal

A seal to the right of the portrait represents the U.S. Department of the Treasury.  The design of the seal was changed to incorporate an English inscription and appears on all Federal Reserve notes of the 1969 series year or later. 

E
F
Serial Numbers
Serial Numbers

A combination of numbers and letters appears twice on the front of the note.

F
A
Federal Reserve Bank Seal
Federal Reserve Bank Seal

A black seal to the left of the portrait bears the name of the distributing Federal Reserve Bank. 

A
B
Raised Printing
Raised Printing

Move your finger along the note’s surface to feel the raised printing, which gives genuine Federal Reserve notes their distinctive texture.

B
C
Paper
Paper

Federal Reserve note paper is one-fourth linen and three-fourths cotton, and contains red and blue security fibers. 

C
D
Portrait and Vignette
Portrait and Vignette

The portrait and vignette was changed in 1929 to feature Secretary Hamilton on the front of the note and the United States Treasury Building on the back of the note.

D
E
Treasury Seal
Treasury Seal

A seal to the right of the portrait represents the U.S. Department of the Treasury.  The design of the seal was changed to incorporate an English inscription and appears on all Federal Reserve notes of the 1969 series year or later. 

E
F
Serial Numbers
Serial Numbers

A combination of numbers and letters appears twice on the front of the note.

F
A
Watermark

Hold the note to light and look for a faint image of Secretary Hamilton in the blank space to the right of the portrait. The image is visible from both sides of the note.

Watermark
B
Security Thread

Hold the note to light to see an embedded thread running vertically to the right of the portrait.  The thread is imprinted with the text USA TEN and a small flag in an alternating pattern and is visible from both sides of the note.  The thread glows orange when illuminated by ultraviolet light.

Security Thread
C
Color-Shifting Ink

Tilt the note to see the numeral 10 in the lower right corner of the front of the note shift from copper to green.

Color-Shifting Ink
A
Security Thread

Hold the note to light to see an embedded thread running vertically to the right of the portrait. The thread is imprinted with the text USA TEN and a small flag in an alternating pattern and is visible from both sides of the note. The thread glows orange when illuminated by ultraviolet light.

Security Thread
B
Watermark

Hold the note to light and look for a faint image of Secretary Hamilton in the blank space to the right of the portrait. The image is visible from both sides of the note. 

Watermark
C
Color-Shifting Ink

Tilt the note to see the numeral 10 in the lower right corner of the front of the note shift from green to black.

Color-Shifting Ink
A
Security Thread

Hold the note to light to see an embedded thread running vertically to the left of the Federal Reserve Bank seal.  The thread is imprinted with the letters USA and the word TEN in an alternating pattern and is visible from both sides of the note.  The thread glows orange when illuminated by ultraviolet light.

Security Thread
B
Microprinting

Look carefully (magnification may be necessary) to see the small printed words THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA along the outer edge of the portrait’s oval frame.

Microprinting
A
Federal Reserve Bank Seal

A black seal to the left of the portrait bears the name of the distributing Federal Reserve Bank. 

Federal Reserve Bank Seal
B
Raised Printing

Move your finger along the note’s surface to feel the raised printing, which gives genuine Federal Reserve notes their distinctive texture.

Raised Printing
C
Paper

Federal Reserve note paper is one-fourth linen and three-fourths cotton, and contains red and blue security fibers. 

Paper
D
Portrait and Vignette

The portrait and vignette was changed in 1929 to feature Secretary Hamilton on the front of the note and the United States Treasury Building on the back of the note.

Portrait and Vignette
E
Treasury Seal

A seal to the right of the portrait represents the U.S. Department of the Treasury.  The design of the seal was changed to incorporate an English inscription and appears on all Federal Reserve notes of the 1969 series year or later. 

Treasury Seal
F
Serial Numbers

A combination of numbers and letters appears twice on the front of the note.

Serial Numbers
Federal Reserve System Seal
Federal Reserve System Seal

A black seal to the left of the portrait represents the entire Federal Reserve System. A letter and number beneath the left serial number identifies distributing Federal Reserve Bank.

Microprinting
Microprinting

Look carefully (magnification may be necessary) to see the small printed text THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA and TEN DOLLARS USA below the portrait and inside the borders of the note and USA 10 repeated beneath the torch.

Raised Printing
Raised Printing

Move your finger along the note’s surface to feel the raised printing, which gives genuine Federal Reserve notes their distinctive texture.

Paper
Paper

Federal Reserve note paper is one-fourth linen and three-fourths cotton, and contains red and blue security fibers.

Color
Color

The note includes background colors of orange, yellow, and red.

Portrait and Vignette
Portrait and Vignette

The $10 note features a portrait of Secretary Hamilton on the front of the note and a vignette of the United States Treasury Building on the back of the note.

Symbols of Freedom
Symbols of Freedom

An image of the torch carried by the Statue of Liberty is printed in red to the left of the portrait of Secretary Hamilton. A smaller metallic red image of the torch can be found on the lower right side of the portrait.

Green 10
Green 10

A large green numeral 10 on the back of the note helps those with visual impairments distinguish the denomination.

Treasury Seal
Treasury Seal

A green seal to the right of the portrait represents the U.S. Department of the Treasury.

Serial Numbers
Serial Numbers

A unique combination of eleven numbers and letters appears twice on the front of the note. 

Series Year
Series Year

The design includes series years 2004A, 2006, 2009, and 2013.

Federal Reserve System Seal
Federal Reserve System Seal

A black seal to the left of the portrait represents the entire Federal Reserve System. A letter and number beneath the left serial number identifies the distributing Federal Reserve Bank.

Microprinting
Microprinting

Look carefully (magnification may be necessary) to see the small printed words THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA repeated just above Hamilton’s name and TEN repeated in the numeral in the lower left-hand corner.

Raised Printing
Raised Printing

Move your finger along the note’s surface to feel the raised printing, which gives genuine Federal Reserve notes their distinctive texture.

Paper
Paper

Federal Reserve note paper is one-fourth linen and three-fourths cotton, and contains red and blue security fibers.

Portrait and Vignette
Portrait and Vignette

The $10 note features a portrait of Secretary Hamilton on the front of the note and a vignette of the United States Treasury Building on the back of the note.

Green 10
Green 10

A large green numeral 10 on the back of the note helps those with visual impairments distinguish the denomination.

Treasury Seal
Treasury Seal

A green seal to the right of the portrait represents the U.S. Department of the Treasury.

Serial Numbers
Serial Numbers

A unique combination of eleven numbers and letters appears twice on the front of the note.

Series Year
Series Year

The design includes series years 1999, 2001, and 2003.

Federal Reserve Bank Seal
Federal Reserve Bank Seal

A black seal to the left of the portrait bears the name and corresponding letter of the distributing Federal Reserve Bank.

Treasury Seal
Treasury Seal

A green seal to the right of the portrait represents the U.S. Department of the Treasury. 

Raised Printing
Raised Printing

Move your finger along the note’s surface to feel the raised printing, which gives genuine Federal Reserve notes their distinctive texture.

Paper
Paper

Federal Reserve note paper is one-fourth linen and three-fourths cotton, and contains red and blue security fibers. 

Portrait and Vignette
Portrait and Vignette

The $10 note features a portrait of Secretary Hamilton on the front of the note and a vignette of the United States Treasury Building on the back of the note. 

Serial Numbers
Serial Numbers

A unique combination of eleven numbers and letters appears twice on the front of the note. 

Series Year
Series Year

The design includes series years 1990, 1993, and 1995.

The $10 note features subtle background colors of orange, yellow, and red, and includes an embedded security thread that glows orange when illuminated by UV light. When held to light, a portrait watermark of Alexander Hamilton is visible from both sides of the note. The note includes a color-shifting numeral 10 in the lower right corner of the note.

Ten dollars
Intro

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$10 Note

Click play to view features

Color-Shifting Ink

Color-Shifting Ink

Tilt the note to see the numeral 10 in the lower right corner on the front of the note shift from copper to green.

Portrait Watermark

Portrait Watermark

Hold the note to light and look for a faint image of Secretary Hamilton in the blank space to the right of the portrait.  The image is visible from both sides of the note.

Security Thread

Security Thread

Hold the note to light to see an embedded thread running vertically to the right of the portrait. The thread is imprinted with the text USA TEN and a small flag in an alternating pattern and is visible from both sides of the note. The thread glows orange when illuminated by ultraviolet light.

Raised Printing

Raised Printing

Move your finger along the note’s surface to feel the raised printing, which gives genuine Federal Reserve notes their distinctive texture.

Microprinting

Microprinting

Look carefully (magnification may be necessary) to see the small printed text THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA and TEN DOLLARS USA below the portrait and inside the borders of the note and USA 10 repeated beneath the torch.

Downloads

portrait image of Alexander Hamilton

This brochure provides a brief biography of Alexander Hamilton and describes the features of the $10 note bearing his portrait.

dollar detail

Refer to this comprehensive guide for in-depth technical information on U.S. currency.

Play Money Coloring Sheets

These printable coloring sheets of denominations $1, $2, $5, $10, $20, and $100 are intended for children, parents, and teachers.

quick reference guide

The Quick Reference Guide is a comprehensive resource on the security and design features of U.S. currency. This item unfolds and can be displayed next to a point of sale as an easy-to-use reference.

Quick Reference Card

This informational card highlights three ways to quickly and discreetly check if a banknote is real, and also provides more-detailed information on security features and what to do if you suspect you have a counterfeit note.

Multinote Booklet

This 12-page booklet contains detailed information about the security and design features in the redesigned $100 note and those in the current-design $5, $10, $20, and $50 notes.

Multinote Poster

This poster features the security features in the redesigned $100 note and those in the current-design $5, $10, $20, and $50 notes.

Know Your Money

This comprehensive guide includes technical information on the security and design features of the current-design $5, $10, $20, $50, and $100 notes.

$10 Note (2006-Present)

Explore security and design features of the $10 note, issued 2006-present.

$10 Note (2000-2006)

Explore security and design features of the $10 note, issued 2000-2006.

$10 Note (1990-2000)

Explore security and design features of the $10 note, issued 1990-2000.

$10 Note (1914-1990)

Explore security and design features of the $10 note, issued 1914-1990.

History

1861

Demand Notes

In order to finance the Civil War, Congress authorizes the U.S. Department of the Treasury to issue non-interest-bearing Demand Notes. These notes earn the nickname “greenbacks” because of their color. All U.S. currency issued since 1861 remains valid and redeemable at full face value.

1862

The Foundation of Modern Design

By 1862, the Demand Notes incorporate fine-line engraving, intricate geometric lathe work patterns, a U.S. Department of the Treasury seal, and engraved signatures to aid in counterfeit deterrence. To this day, U.S. currency continues to add features to deter counterfeiting.

1862

United States Notes

Congress authorizes a new class of currency, known as “United States notes,” or “Legal Tender notes.” These notes are characterized by a red seal and serial number. They continue to circulate until 1971.
 

1863

A National Banking System

Congress establishes a national banking system and authorizes the U.S. Department of the Treasury to oversee the issuance of National Banknotes. This system sets Federal guidelines for chartering and regulating "national" banks and authorizes those banks to issue national currency secured by the purchase of United States bonds.

1869

Centralized Printing of United States Notes

The Bureau of Engraving and Printing begins engraving and printing the faces and seals of U.S. banknotes. Before this, U.S. banknotes were produced by private banknote companies and then sent to the Bureau of Engraving and Printing for sealing, trimming, and cutting.

1889

Names Added to Portraits

Legislation mandates that all banknotes and other securities containing portraits include the name of the individual below the portrait. This is why you see names below the portraits on banknotes to this day.

1913

Federal Reserve Act

The Federal Reserve Act of 1913 establishes the Federal Reserve as the nation’s central bank and provides for a national banking system that is more responsive to the fluctuating financial needs of the country. The Federal Reserve Board issues new currency called Federal Reserve notes.

1929

Standardization of Design

The appearance of U.S. banknotes changes greatly in 1929. In an effort to lower manufacturing costs, all Federal Reserve notes are made about 30 percent smaller—measuring 6.14 x 2.61 inches, rather than 7.375 x 3.125 inches. In addition, standardized designs are instituted for each denomination, decreasing the number of designs in circulation and making it easier for the public to distinguish between genuine and counterfeit notes.

1971

United States Notes Discontinued

Because United States notes no longer served any function not already adequately met by Federal Reserve notes, their issuance was discontinued and, beginning in 1971, no new United States notes were placed into circulation.

1990

Security Thread and Microprinting

A security thread and microprinting are introduced in Federal Reserve notes to deter counterfeiting by copiers and printers. The features first appear in Series 1990 $100 notes. By Series 1993, the features appeared on all denominations except $1 and $2 notes.

1996

Currency Redesign

In the first significant design change since the 1920s, U.S. currency is redesigned to incorporate a series of new counterfeit deterrents. Issuance of the new banknotes begins with the $100 note in 1996, followed by the $50 note in 1997, the $20 note in 1998, and the $10 and $5 notes in 2000.

2006

The Redesigned $10 Note

The new-design $10 note features subtle background colors of orange, yellow, and red. The $10 note includes an embedded security thread that glows orange when illuminated by UV light. When held to light, a portrait watermark of Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton is visible from both sides of the note. In addition, the note includes a color-shifting numeral 10 in the lower right corner of the note.

$10 Note Life Cycle

Before a Federal Reserve note enters circulation, it must pass through four critical steps: design, order, production, and issuance.

569.6
Million Notes
2018 FY Print Order
$19.6
Billion
2017 Value in Circulation
4.5
Years
Estimated Lifespan